Concussion and What To Do About It

By Dr. Pallavi Sharma

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Concussions are not a disease but a type of traumatic brain injury (TBI). It can result in altered brain function and is typically caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that causes the brain to move rapidly inside the skull.

Concussions are one of the most common types of traumatic brain injury (TBI), and they can happen to anyone at any time.

It’s important that if someone has sustained a concussion, they seek medical attention as soon as possible because if not treated properly, it could lead to serious complications like seizures or even death.

The symptoms of a concussion may not always be clear right away, and some people may not have any symptoms. The severity of symptoms varies from person to person, but there are some general signs that someone has been injured.

A person with a concussion may not lose consciousness, but they will often have an impaired ability to think, concentrate, or remember. A concussion occurs when the head, neck, or face receives a blow from an external force (e.g., a fall, or a car accident), which causes the brain to move back and forth within the skull.

What is a concussion?

A concussion is not the same as a skull fracture, but it involves brain damage.

This movement can disrupt the normal functioning of the brain, resulting in short-term changes in mental status such as confusion, loss of consciousness, or memory loss.

Depending on the symptoms, a concussion can be mild or severe. It is important to note that not all concussions are caused by a direct blow to the head and some may be caused by an indirect blow such as whiplash.

In order for someone with a concussion to get better, they need time for their brain and body to heal. Concussions require more time than other types of injuries because they affect the brain’s ability to function properly.

The Most Common Causes of Concussion:

Your brain functions might change following a concussion. Concussions are caused by any activity that causes a blow to the head or violent shaking of the head, such as contact sports, car accidents, falls, and military combat.

There is no cure for a concussion, and it can take weeks or months for symptoms to go away. But there are treatments that can help manage symptoms and help you recover more quickly.

The most common cause of concussions is sports-related activities. In particular, contact sports such as football, rugby, and hockey seem to be the most likely culprits of this type of injury.

Car accidents are also a major cause of concussions because they often involve an impact on another object or person in the vehicle.

Falls are also common if you hit your head on something hard like pavement or concrete while falling down stairs or off a ladder. This may result in a fracture as well as a concussion.

Most concussions occur in children and adolescents who play contact sports like football, hockey, lacrosse, soccer, basketball, wrestling, and rugby. In adults, concussions usually happen as a result of assaults, horse riding, or car accidents, which can damage the brain and appear as concussions.

Common Symptoms of Concussion:

Concussions can be mild or severe, but any concussion should be taken seriously and evaluated by a medical professional.

These injuries can range from mild to severe, with some people recovering quickly while others have long-term problems.

There are two types of concussions:

  • The first type is called an “immediate concussion” or acute concussion. This type of concussion can happen quickly and often causes immediate symptoms like a loss of consciousness or confusion.
  • The second type is called a delayed concussion. This type usually happens after a head injury and can cause symptoms like headaches or confusion days or weeks later.

The signs and symptoms of acute concussion may include:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Double vision
  • Blurred vision
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Vomiting
  • Memory fog
  • Slurring of speech
  • Imbalance

The Delayed Symptoms

These symptoms might be caused in hours or months.

  • Slurring of speech
  • Muscle weakness
  • Irritability
  • Depression
  • Insomnia
  • Personality changes, confusion

A concussion is a brain injury that happens when the head takes a sudden, violent shake or blow. The result is an injury to the brain, which can be mild or severe and can affect one’s thinking, memory, and coordination.

Symptoms of concussion vary from person to person. Some may experience headaches, nausea, and vomiting, while others might have difficulty concentrating or suffer from memory loss. Concussion symptoms are usually temporary, but they can last for months or even years.

The most important thing after suffering a concussion is to get proper medical attention as soon as possible in order to prevent long-term effects on the brain.

Post-Concussion Syndrome

Post-concussion syndrome, or PCS, is a condition that can occur after a concussion. The symptoms of PCS vary from person to person and can include headaches, dizziness, nausea, difficulty concentrating, and sleep.

The symptoms of PCS are not always immediate. When the symptoms of concussions last for weeks or months after the initial insult it is referred to as PCS.

Some people with the post-concussion syndrome may experience problems with thinking (such as feeling slowed down), remembering things (such as forgetting names of people), concentrating (such as having trouble paying attention), or controlling emotions (such as becoming easily annoyed).

Symptoms of post-concussion syndrome may include headaches, dizziness, nausea, and difficulty concentrating or sleeping.

  • Nightmares
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Blurr vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Loss of memory

How to identify concussion in the pediatric age group?

It can be hard to tell if a baby or toddler has a concussion, as they may not be able to communicate their symptoms. Children are commonly at risk of falling and suffering from head injuries. Signs of a concussion in babies and toddlers are similar to those in adults but may also include different symptoms.

Consider the following red flag signs to determine concussion in a child:

  • The child will typically behave strangely or with confusion.
  • Inconsolable crying/crying more than usual
  • Sleepiness and difficulty waking up
  • Vomiting
  • Refuse food
  • Appear quiet and less responsive.
  • Irritability/fussiness
  • Slowness in responding to stimuli (e.g., light, sound)
  • Trouble walking or sitting up

Following a head injury, a kid must be cared for 24 hours and look for the above symptoms.

Concussion: Diagnosis

A concussion is a brain injury that can happen when you hit your head or when something hits your head.

If you have a concussion, it’s important to take care of yourself so that you can recover as quickly as possible.

Concussions can be difficult to diagnose, and symptoms may not appear immediately.

The best way to confirm a concussion is to talk to a doctor, who can evaluate your symptoms and conduct the testing needed to diagnose you with one.

The physician will see the injured site and will observe pupil size, blood pressure, pulse rate, and consciousness level for 24 hours.

Furthermore, he will perform a detailed neurological examination that includes eye movement, speech assessment, gait, cognitive function, coordination, etc.

The physician will decide to perform a CT or an MRI scan to exclude any internal bleeding in the brain.

Treatment

Concussions typically don’t require major interventions and they typically resolve on their own. Just enough time and rest are required to provide Most people recover completely, but some people experience long-term problems like headaches, memory loss, or personality changes.

The most common treatments for concussions are rest, medications, and physical therapy. These treatments are often sufficient to return people to their pre-injury level of functioning.

If there is internal bleeding with increased intracranial pressure, evacuation of extra blood by surgical procedures may be attempted.

The children might need to be looked after at home, avoiding play and excessive strenuous activities.

Home Therapy for Concussion

Concussion is a common injury that can happen to anyone. They are caused by trauma to the head and brain, which can lead to a wide range of symptoms.

The first thing to do is to assess the situation and make sure that you are safe. If your concussion is severe, then you should get medical attention. However, if it’s not too severe, then you can take some steps at home to make sure that the recovery process goes smoothly.

The most important thing you can do after suffering from a concussion is rest. This includes physical and mental rest. You should also avoid strenuous activities like playing video games or participating in sports for at least one week after the injury.

You should also try to sleep as much as possible because the brain needs time to heal. You can also opt for light exercises like walking or yoga classes, but only after a few days have passed since your injury.

If you have any other questions about concussions, please consult your doctor or healthcare provider.

If you believe that sleeping after a concussion is bad, you are mistaken.

If you’re still in pain, then it might be a good idea to take an over-the-counter medication like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, which will help with headaches and other pain symptoms.

Bonus Tips to Prevent Concussions

Concussions are something that can happen to anyone, but there are some practices that may reduce your chances of getting one. For example, if you play hockey, you should wear a helmet and ice skate pads.

If you play hockey, it is important to wear a helmet and ice skate pads. Both of these items will help prevent concussions.

It is important to do research and know the risks when playing a contact sport. By learning about the risks, you can take precautions to prevent injury.

The helmet should fit properly and should not be too old. A helmet should be replaced every 5 years or after any major impact.

You can also reduce your risk of concussion by wearing mouth guards, shoulder pads, and knee pads when playing contact sports.

If you have a history of post-concussion syndrome, it is better to avoid contact sports.

 When to See a Doctor!

Worldwide, there are more than 2 million emergency room visits each year that are related to concussions. It is important to know when a concussion has occurred and when to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.

Concussions can be difficult to diagnose as symptoms may not be immediately apparent.

If you are witnessing a head injury, the following must be considered.

  • It is important to stabilize the person’s neck and spinal cord as quickly as possible following a head injury, whether it be to you or a loved one.

Two water bottles should be put next to the patient’s neck, and the victim should be fastened to a stretcher and should not bend over.

  • If you have doubts about home management, you can directly access your doctor without hesitating.

Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) is a condition that can develop after a concussion. Sometimes patients might need psychiatric counseling if they are suffering a lot.

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TeleHealthDoc articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Dr. Pallavi Sharma is one of Melbourne’s best, well respected cosmetic doctors and aims to provide longstanding anti-aging benefits for her clients. With over 11 years experience in Performing cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sharma has lectured medical professionals regarding cosmetic treatments and is heavily involved in providing up to date cosmetic treatments to her clients and friends.
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