How to Get Rid of Migraines Fast!

By Dr. Pallavi Sharma

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Migraines are not just a pain in the neck. They’re a serious health condition that can cause problems with your vision, hearing, memory, and mood.

And as you remember from high school biology, migraines can mimic strokes and heart attacks. Migraines can be painful; they can cause vomiting, dizziness, and even sensitivity to light or sound.

It is a common disorder that affects millions of people worldwide. It can be painful, debilitating, and even debilitating if it lasts more than 48 hours, as it can have a significant impact on quality of life.

The good news is that there are things you can do to keep yourself healthy and happy during a migraine attack.

Risk Factors and Causes of Migraine

Migraine is a recurrent, disabling neurological disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of headache that may be triggered by certain triggers.

It is estimated that almost half of the population suffers from migraines at some point in their lives.

  • The risk factors for migraine are:
  • family history of migraines
  • gene mutations (such as genes for familial hemiplegic migraines)
  • Alcohol use
  • tobacco smoke exposure and mental stress
  • Female sex
  • Using recreational drugs (including marijuana)
  • Sleep disorders: Obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia

Migraine Symptoms 

The symptoms of a migraine are as below.

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • loss of appetite,
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Pain on your head when you move
  • Cough and Sneezing
  • Abdominal pain

If you’re having a migraine with an aura and the symptoms that precede the headache itself, it’s important to get the medication right away to avoid severe headaches.

For that, it is best to know the phases of a migraine.

Prodrome

This is the beginning of a migraine attack. The patient will have increased yawning, frequent urination, sugar cravings, feeling smelly, nausea, and loss of appetite during this phase.

Aura

Auras include

  • dizziness (usually described as feeling like you’re spinning)-
  • tingling in one or both limbs
  • numbness in one or both limbs, an increase in facial muscle movement (like chewing or blinking),
  • vision problems (blurred vision), seeing spots or zigzag lines, an inability to focus on anything (visual aura)
  • numbness in the lips, tongue, or face.

 Auras are often accompanied by nausea and vomiting or sensitivity to light or sound.

If this happens during a migraine attack, it’s a good sign that you should take your medications straight away to avoid painful headaches.

Headache 

When you think of a migraine headache, you may picture a throbbing pain around your head and eyes. 

But there’s more to a migraine: they can also include other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound, and changes in mood or energy levels in this phase. 

Postdrome 

This phase occurs following a headache and may persist for days. 

Though the pain is over, you will feel drowsy, fatigued, nauseated, and lack energy during this period.

How to Get Rid of Migraine So Quickly?

Migraines can be a real pain, but they’re also a warning sign that you need to see your doctor. 

You may have heard that you should see the doctor if you’ve had an aura (that cloudy light on the head) or have had two or more headaches in 24 hours, but what else should you do?

The American Academy of Neurology also recommends that people who have been diagnosed with migraine headaches take steps to prevent or reduce attacks by keeping track of what triggers their migraines. 

These include: 

Avoid triggers 

  • Avoiding triggers such as alcohol, caffeine, chocolate, cheese, food additives, processed meats, smoking, and pickles
  • Avoid loud noises and strong smells.
  • Schedule work to reduce stress
  • Avoid teeth grinding and chewing gum. The mastication process might increase blood flow to the brain and will trigger migraine.
  • Eat a healthy snack before bedtime (a slice of bread with peanut butter will do!). This will give you enough energy.

Relaxation

  • Meditation, mindfulness, and breathing techniques can be used to reduce stress and increase pleasure hormones. 
  • Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) is widely used to reduce stress in people and may help to reduce migraine attacks.

Dark Room 

  • Stay away from bright lights and loud noises. A dark room will calm you.
  • Get some fresh air

Cold Compression 

Compression is a way to relieve pain associated with migraines by compressing the affected area. The process can be repeated as needed, up to 10 minutes per session.

The process involves applying pressure to the forehead and temples using a soft cloth or towel that has been soaked in cold water.

There are several ways to apply cold compression:

Wrap the compress around your head like a turban, securing it with an elastic bandage. Place the compress over your eyes and press down gently for about 10 seconds. Leave it on for 1 minute before removing it.

Use both hands, one to hold the compress in place and one to apply gentle pressure. You can move from side to side, up and down, or simply keep your hands flat on your forehead and temples.

Cold compression is beneficial for pulsating headaches. It is believed that cold application can constrict blood vessels in the brain.

Hot Compression

If you are having neck pain or strain with a migraine, hot compression and massage will help to relieve neck spasms and pain.

Hydration

  • It is important to keep hydrated as dehydration can also worsen your migraine.
  • Drink warm milk before bedtime.
  • Try a small amount of caffeine or ginger tea at other times.

Ginger acts as an antiemetic, while caffeine is a muscle relaxant.

Medication

  • Take your medications as prescribed.
  • Acetominophen: Taking medications such as Tylenol PM or Aleve at bedtime to reduce pain during an attack.
  • NSAIDs: Aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), and naproxen are anti-inflammatory medicines that will reduce pain by lowering prostaglandin levels.
  • Triptans : sumatriptan (Imitrex), zolmitriptan (Zomig), almotriptan (Axert), rizatriptan (Maxalt), frovatriptan (Frova), eletriptan(Relpax),naratriptan (Amerge). 
  • There are a lot of triptan types available on the market. These can be bought in the form of oral tablets, capsules, nasal sprays, and in injection forms. Triptans need to be taken at the beginning of the prodrome rather than the onset of a headache to relieve pain and prevent the attack.
  • Dihydroergotamine: It is an ergot derivative that can be taken in nasal spray form and is effective when triptan won’t work for you. This is especially true when you have cardiac conditions or are experiencing a pregnancy.
  • Opioids: tramadol and morphine. In refractory migraines, opioids play a role, but not for routine use as there is a risk of addiction.
  • Antiemetics: Metoclopramide and Prochlorperazine.
  • These drugs act by inhibiting dopamine and are effective as symptom relievers in migraines. When the patient has severe vomiting, this can be given in an injection form.
  • Ditans: lasmiditan (Reyvow)
  • This drug has a good record of preventing severe migraines. Thus, the drug authorities have recommended its use for the short term.
  • Erenumab (Aimovig)

Another newer drug in migraine prevention is Erenumab. It is a monoclonal antibody. The side-effects are immunosuppression. It is therefore better to do regular blood counts to monitor the blood cell lines.

Exercise 

Regular exercise helps keep your blood flowing, which can help reduce inflammation in your head and neck. If you already work out, consider adding some yoga or stretching exercises to your routine.

Cut Back on Caffeine

Caffeine can cause headaches and migraines by causing changes in blood pressure and heart rate. Try cutting back on coffee or tea to see if that helps.

Sleep

  • Get enough sleep each night (7-8 hours). Sleep deprivation has been linked to migraines, so try to get enough sleep every night!
  • If you’re having trouble sleeping at night because of your migraines, talk to your doctor about options like prescription medications or lifestyle changes like using lighter blankets at night or wearing eye masks during the day instead of sunglasses.

Acupuncture 

This is another successful treatment for migraine sufferers.

Acupuncture is an ancient therapy and it has many indications. This can be used to treat anything from migraines to depression and even infertility.

Acupuncture has been shown to help people in various ways, including reducing the frequency of migraines, and can also help with other symptoms associated with migraines, such as nausea and sensitivity to light.

Key Solution to the Suffering!

Early treatment is the key to reducing suffering.

You may not know that there are people who suffer from 3 cycles of migraine per week.

Each cycle of migraine might end in at least 2-3 days.

So taking medicine at prodrome is the best way to prevent an attack. It is not the aura or the headache phase. Begin your doses at the prodromal stage.

When to See Your Doctor?

The American Migraine Foundation recommends that people with migraines get regular preventive care from their primary care doctor every year. This includes:

Regular checkups for blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol levels Monthly visits with a headache diary. If you are too worried and depressed, it is fine to visit your doctor. If you have noticed new symptoms like

  • One-sided weakness
  • Fever
  • Acute thunderclap-like headaches
  • Neck stiffness
  • Chest pain
  • Faintishness
  • Diplopia
  • A history of trauma to the head
  • Vertigo
  • Difficulty in breathing

It is time to visit your doctor. Contact us for get appointment.

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TeleHealthDoc articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Dr. Pallavi Sharma is one of Melbourne’s best, well respected cosmetic doctors and aims to provide longstanding anti-aging benefits for her clients. With over 11 years experience in Performing cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sharma has lectured medical professionals regarding cosmetic treatments and is heavily involved in providing up to date cosmetic treatments to her clients and friends.
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