Ocular Migraine: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

By Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Table of Contents


Headaches are normally caused by swelling of the blood vessels underneath the skin. When this happens, it causes pain and pressure on the surface of your head.

There are different types of headaches, including tension headaches, migraines, and sinus headaches. While migraines are often painful and have an aura, tension headaches don’t have an aura and last for less than four hours each time they occur.

This means that you may not know if you have a tension headache until it has been going on for several days or even weeks at a time without any relief from the pain!

Ocular migraine is a type of headache that occurs in the eye. It is a very common problem and can be a serious health issue if left untreated.

Ocular migraines are similar to regular migraines, but they usually occur when you look at something bright, like light or a computer screen, for too long.

They can also occur when you’re reading or doing other work that requires close focus, such as writing reports or playing games on your computer screen that require close focus.

What is Ocular Migraine?

Ocular migraine (OM) is a rare form of facial pain that can be caused by a variety of factors. According to the National Institutes of Health, OM is “a recurrent, unilateral, and non-paretic headache that is typically worse upon awakening.”

In some cases, OM may be accompanied by visual disturbances such as flashing lights or floaters. If you experience these symptoms, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Because OM is so rare, there are few treatment options available for patients who experience it. The primary goal of treatment is to provide relief from the pain through medication or surgery.

When you have symptoms of OM, it’s important to see your doctor right away so they can rule out other causes for your symptoms and begin treating them accordingly.

They can be caused by stress and exhaustion, as well as certain medical conditions.


If you have migraines, you may not realize that you’re suffering from an ocular migraine.

These headaches are often mistaken for sinus or facial pain, but they can be worse than those types of headaches.

Symptoms can include visual disturbances that make it difficult to focus on things like text or computer screens, light sensitivity, nausea and vomiting, and sensitivity to sound.

Ocular migraine symptoms include redness, itching, and burning in the eyes. These symptoms typically begin in the morning and may last for several hours.

Ocular migraine is a temporary condition that causes inflammation of the eyes.

It is most common in people with allergies, but it can also happen to people who have certain eye conditions like glaucoma or cataracts.

Symptoms may include:

  • Redness around the eyes
  • Tenderness and pain around the eye
  • Unusual sensitivity to light and noise
  • Blurred vision
  • Pain or pressure on one side of your face

Ocular migraine symptoms are similar to those of other types of headaches, including migraines, tension headaches, and cluster headaches.

However, these symptoms tend to last less than 24 hours and don’t include nausea or vomiting.


Ocular migraine, also known as a migraine, is a common headache.

It’s most commonly caused by a reaction to a substance in your eye and can affect people of any age.

  • Ocular migraines occur when the brain sends signals to the eye that it’s feeling pain. The pain signals travel through the optic nerve, which connects to the visual processing center of the brain. When this happens, it causes a headache that feels like it’s coming from inside your head.
  • However, these types of headaches can occur at any age if there is an underlying medical condition such as glaucoma or diabetes that causes changes in pressure inside the eye socket (intraocular pressure).
  • The most common causes of ocular migraines include glaucoma. The pressure inside your eye (intraocular pressure) may change because of damaged optic nerve fibers, which leads to optic nerve damage (visual impairment).
  • Some believe that ocular migraine can be caused by a virus and often occurs when someone is exposed to bright lights.
  • Ocular migraines can also be caused by stress and tension. The best way to treat an ocular migraine is to treat the underlying cause of your symptoms.

It’s most common among people with sensitive eyes, such as those with dry eye syndrome.

The Incidence of Ocular Migraine

Ocular migraines are rare. In fact, more than 8% of people experience ocular migraines each year.

These headaches are characterized by intense pain that extends from one eye to the other and lasts for several hours at a time.

They tend to affect people who are at least 30 years old or younger than 60 years old.

If you have ocular migraines and you experience symptoms such as redness, itching, burning, and a gritty feeling in your eyes, it is likely that your migraines are caused by an underlying eye disease.

The first step in treating this condition is to see a doctor. They will be able to determine the cause of your migraines and recommend appropriate treatment options.


Ocular migraine is a type of headache that affects the eyes and causes pain, sensitivity to light, and redness. It’s usually caused by a disorder in the nervous system.

If you suspect you have ocular migraine, see a doctor as soon as possible so they can diagnose the problem and treat it appropriately. Ocular migraine treatment is a process that involves the treatment of eye pain that occurs when blood vessels in the eyes become inflamed, causing the pain to flare up. The doctors will look at your history and perform some tests to treat an ocular migraine.

They may also prescribe medication to help reduce inflammation in your eyes.

The first step in treating an ocular migraine is to identify the cause of your symptoms. This could be a virus or bacteria that has affected your eyes, or it could be something else entirely, such as stress or tension. Once we know what’s causing your pain, we can begin treatment right away!


Ocular Migraine Treatment

Ocular migraine is a type of headache that affects the eyes, causing them to look red and bloodshot. It can be treated with over-the-counter painkillers and other medications.

You may experience following symptoms.

  • One eye has a dull throbbing pain.
  • sensitivity to light that causes blinking or squinting
  • Staring at one spot for long periods of time is

This migraine is better identified than other eye diseases by eye movements. It is also known as a “migraine with ocular symptoms.”

Preventive Drugs

Most people who suffer from migraines should take prescription drugs every day as needed to prevent attacks from occurring again (preventative therapy).

  • Antiepileptic drugs: valproic acid (Depakote or Depakene) or topiramate (Qudexy XR)
  • Beta-blockers: metoprolol (Lopressor) or propranolol (Inderal)
  • Calcium-channel blockers: nicardipine (Cardene) and verapamil (Calan)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants: venlafaxine (Effexor), nortriptyline (Pamelor), and amitriptyline (Elavil).
  • Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) inhibitors: eptinezumab, galcanezumab

Pain Killers

If you have an ocular migraine, it’s important that you seek medical attention immediately so that your symptoms can be treated and prevented from getting worse!

This can be caused by an increase in pressure within the head or eyes as well as swelling of the tissues around them.

If you are experiencing symptoms of a migraine, the first step is to take an OTC anti-inflammatory drug like ibuprofen or naproxen.

  • acetaminophen
  • ibuprofen
  • Naproxen

In some cases, stronger medications may be required to relieve symptoms, including nausea or vomiting, due to increased stress levels associated with migraines.

Home Remedies

Applying warm compresses to the affected eye

Avoiding any activity that causes increased blood flow through the brain.


People who suffer from migraines and other forms of ocular migraine often have a hard time finding the right treatment. While there are a number of different treatments for migraines, many people are looking for something that can help them prevent the onset of migraines in the first place.

Ocular migraine prevention is the process of minimizing the symptoms of a migraine. The best way to prevent a migraine is by taking preventative measures before the migraine begins.

Botox Injection

Ocular migraine prevention involves the injection of Botox into the muscles that are responsible for eye movement.

This causes temporary paralysis, which can prevent the subject from blinking or tearing.

Avoid Triggers

  • chocolate
  • cheese
  • alcohol
  • caffeine
  • Avoid bright lights and dark rooms while you’re experiencing symptoms.
  • hormonal changes
  • Avoid stress
  • Submit good night’s sleep

You should also make sure you get enough sleep every night.

If you suffer from chronic fatigue or insomnia, then this may be something that needs to be addressed with a doctor or counselor before any other treatments can be considered.

Avoiding triggers can reduce stress on your optic nerve and prevent future headaches!

Ocular migraine is a condition that causes a severe headache to develop in the eyes. It is sometimes accompanied by tearing, and it can last for several hours or days.

The cause of ocular migraine is unknown, but it may be related to changes in blood vessels in the eye, which are sometimes triggered by stress.

If you experience symptoms of ocular migraine, speak with your doctor about treatment options and prevention strategies.

When to See the Doctor for an Ocular Migraine

If you think that you have a severe eye condition, it is best to have your eyes examined as soon as possible.

The sooner you visit your eye doctor, the more likely you are to catch any serious problems early and be able to treat them before they cause permanent damage.

If you suspect that you have an ocular migraine, then it is important that you seek medical attention as soon as possible.

Your symptoms may range from mild irritation to severe pain and inflammation of the eye. If this is the case, then it is important that you seek medical treatment as soon as possible so that your condition can be treated at its earliest stages.

There are several signs that indicate you should get checked out by a doctor, including:

  • A headache that feels worse when you blink or move your eyes
  • Blinking often or feeling like your eyes are burning
  • The feeling of your eyes sticking together and being unable to open them fully
  • a foreign object in your eye (like a piece of grit)

When you have a migraine, it’s important that you seek medical attention. If you go to work and Submit headache, it’s probably just a headache and not an ocular migraine.


TeleHealthDoc articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Dr. Pallavi Sharma is one of Melbourne’s best, well respected cosmetic doctors and aims to provide longstanding anti-aging benefits for her clients. With over 11 years experience in Performing cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sharma has lectured medical professionals regarding cosmetic treatments and is heavily involved in providing up to date cosmetic treatments to her clients and friends.
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