Sore Throat Home Remedies and Treatments

By Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Table of Contents


Sore throats are a common problem that everyone deals with at some point in their lives. It can be caused by the common cold, allergies, or other viruses.

The good news is that sore throats are usually not serious, and they’re easy to treat.

A sore throat is a common problem, especially when you have a cold. It can be uncomfortable and painful, and it’s easy to spread it around.

Sore throats are the most common reason to visit the doctor or emergency room, and they can be caused by a number of things.

A sore throat is typically accompanied by a fever and pain in the back of the throat and/or neck that may feel like it’s coming from your ear or jaw.

If you are suffering from a sore throat from time to time, it’s okay! There are many therapeutic options you can do to make it better. In the article, I will go over those remedies one by one.

Home Remedies for Sore Throat

If you’re experiencing a sore throat, there are a few things you should know:

Do not use your voice too much. The vocal cords (the muscles in your larynx) are very delicate and can be damaged if you talk for too long or at too high of an intensity.

  • If you need to speak, make sure to take some breaks and/or rest so that you don’t strain your vocal cords.
  • If you feel any pain or pressure in your throat when swallowing or talking, see a doctor as soon as possible! This could indicate something serious like strep throat or other pathologies like cancer.

Sometimes, the best thing to do when you have a sore throat is to take care of it.

Sore throats are often caused by viruses. The virus can enter your body through air droplets or by touching contaminated surfaces with the virus.

Most viral sore throats can be helped to ease the symptoms with home remedies.


First, drink lots of water, and not just in the morning, but all day long. Warm water will help to relieve irritable feelings in the throat. You might be tempted to skip the water and get on with your day, but that’s not going to help the sore throat. It’ll only make it worse.

Eat Healthily

Eat foods that are rich in zinc and vitamin C (like oranges). These will help your immune system fight off any cold viruses that may be making you feel a little under the weather!

Get Rest

Your body needs time to recover from being sick and stay healthy, as well as prevent future illnesses from happening.

If you’re feeling under the weather, try taking a warm bath or shower before bedtime so that you can sleep better at night and wake up feeling refreshed in the morning.

Using Saltwater to Gargle

Gargling with warm salt water is a great way to relieve your sore throat. The salt will help to reduce the swelling and soothe the pain.

First, make sure you are comfortable and have no fever. Then, fill a small bowl with warm water and add 4 tablespoons of table salt. Swish this mixture around in your mouth for about 10 seconds, then spit it out.  You can do these steps several times per day until feeling better.

Honey is a natural remedy for sore throats. Honey has antiviral properties. So it can act against viral infection and inflammation.

Honey contains vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that help to treat sore throats effectively. Honey is also known to relieve the symptoms of coughs and colds.

Have a Hot Tea!

Tea is a great way to get rid of a sore throat. It’s made from green tea leaves, which contain catechin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), which are both antioxidants that help reduce inflammation.

Try chamomile tea. The soothing properties of this herbal tea will help relieve your soreness, and it can also help you fall asleep faster.

It’s also an excellent choice if you’re suffering from a cold or flu. Just add some chamomile flowers to warm water and apply it to the affected area for five minutes twice daily until the pain subsides.

Hot Spices

Hot sauce is a powerful decongestant, which means it can help relieve your sore throat. Cayenne pepper on its own may also help with congestion and a stuffy nose, but it’s also an excellent decongestant that can help clear up your throat and make you feel better.

Hot peppers contain capsaicin, an anti-inflammatory agent that can reduce the pain and swelling associated with a sore throat. Capsaicin has also been shown to help fight off bacteria that cause strep throat and bacterial infections in general.

Both hot sauce and cayenne are spicy, so you should be careful to dilute them before using them on your sore throat.

Baking Soda

Baking soda is a great home remedy for sore throats. It can also be used in place of traditional commercial throat lozenges, which can contain harsh chemicals and other additives.

It works by neutralizing acidity in your throat and improving the texture of mucus, which can make it easier to swallow.

  • Mix 2 tablespoons of baking soda with 1 cup of warm water.
  • Gargle, swish, and spit the solution into your mouth three times a day until the sore throat subsides.
  • Repeat this procedure each time you feel the burning sensation in your throat coming back again.


These are designed to make the air in your room feel more comfortable and keep you hydrated.

Humidifiers work by adding moisture to the air. They help prevent dryness and congestion when used in the bedroom or on a treadmill. They also make your sinuses feel better if you have allergies or asthma.

To use a humidifier, simply fill it with water and plug it in. The water should be warm (70 F) but not hot (more than 93 F). You can also add essential oils to your humidifier for added benefits!

Licorice Roots

Sore throats can be a real pain, but licorice root is the perfect remedy.

Licorice root contains compounds called glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhizin sulfates that are thought to help soothe sore throats and ease inflammation. It is also effective at treating coughs and bronchitis, and it can help you fight off colds and flu.

Licorice root contains anti-inflammatory properties that soothe the nerves and muscles in your throat, which helps to relieve soreness and discomfort.


Peppermint is a natural home remedy for sore throats. It’s widely used to kill the germs that cause colds and flu.

Peppermint oil has been used since ancient times to ward off colds and sore throats, and it’s still widely used today. It’s often combined with other herbs or essential oils to create topical treatments for conditions like acne and eczema.

If you have a sore throat, try adding a few drops of peppermint oil to your tea or water. You can also take a teaspoon of peppermint tea three times daily if you’re experiencing symptoms of a cold or flu.

You can also add peppermint essential oil to warm bathwater if you want to soothe your throat while bathing! Don’t use this peppermint therapy on children.

Warm Soup

Soup is a good choice for sore throats. It’s easy to make and can be done right in the comfort of your own home. You can even add some basic ingredients like garlic or thyme while you’re cooking it.

Some soups that are good for sore throats include chicken noodle soup, chicken and rice soup, vegetable soup, and beef vegetable soup. They all have a similar taste and are easy to make with ingredients that most people have on hand in the kitchen.

If you’d like to try something different than what we mentioned above, there are plenty of other options out there! You could try making your own broth from scratch by simmering chicken bones for several hours until they’re reduced into a delicious broth that will help boost your immune system.

Medications to Treat Sore Throats

Pain Killers

The most common type of painkiller is acetaminophen, which is found in brand-name medications like Tylenol.

Acetaminophen is effective at relieving pain, but it does not reduce inflammation. As a result, it is not as effective at treating the underlying cause of a sore throat.

Other painkillers like aspirin and ibuprofen, too, can help soothe a sore throat.

These over-the-counter painkillers can help temporarily alleviate the pain and soreness associated with a sore throat.

However, aspirin and ibuprofen have anti-inflammatory properties that will help to reduce the severity of the sore throat.

Throat-Numbing Medications

This is another common option for relieving the pain and discomfort associated with a sore throat. These medications work by reducing the sensation of pain in the throat.

There are a few different types of throat-numbing medications that are available over the counter (OTC). Some of the most common throat-numbing medications are listed below.

Throat lozenges (Halls or Cepaco)

Throat sprays (Chloraseptic, Vicks VapoCOOL)

The prolonged use of these medications can cause throat injury unnoticed or aspiration of contents into the lungs.

The anasthetic agents contained in these medications are benzocaine, menthol, and phenol.


These are another type of over-the-counter medication that can help relieve sore throat pain. These medicines work by reducing the amount of histamine in the body.

Histamine is a substance that is released by the body in response to an allergy or irritation. Antihistamines can be taken as pills, liquids, or nasal sprays.

These can also help with a sore throat by drying out mucus and providing relief from congestion. Antihistamines are available over the counter and by prescription.

Some common over-the-counter antihistamines include diphenhydramine (Benadryl) and loratadine (Claritin).

  • Cetirizine
  • Loratadine
  • Levocetirizine
  • Fexofenadine
  • Diphenhydramine


If you don’t have any other options, a decongestant can help relieve some of the symptoms of a sore throat, such as congestion and swelling.

There are a few different over-the-counter decongestants that can be used, such as pseudoephedrine or phenylephrine.

Be sure to follow the directions on the medication label carefully, as overuse or misuse can cause serious side effects.

  • Oxymetazoline
  • Phenylephrine
  • Pseudoephedrine

What Can Make Your Sore Throat Worse?

Although viral illnesses are the most common cause of sore throats, some sore throats can be caused by a variety of other factors.

Smoking, acidic foods, and apple cider vinegar-like food can cause

Thus, it is important to avoid smoking and avoid acidic beverages like alcohol.

When to See the Doctor

If you think your sore throat might be caused by an infection, we recommend that you see a doctor.

You’ll want to Submit prescription for medicine (or another kind of medication) from a local pharmacy.

If you’re unsure whether or not to see your doctor about your sore throat, here are some signs that might indicate that you need medical assistance:

  • Painful swallowing and pain in opening the mouth
  • High fever of more than 104 F
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • You’re coughing up mucus or blood
  • Your throat is red and swollen
  • You have a headache or nausea

TeleHealthDoc articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Dr. Pallavi Sharma is one of Melbourne’s best, well respected cosmetic doctors and aims to provide longstanding anti-aging benefits for her clients. With over 11 years experience in Performing cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sharma has lectured medical professionals regarding cosmetic treatments and is heavily involved in providing up to date cosmetic treatments to her clients and friends.
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