The Best Medicine for a Sore Throat

By Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Table of Contents


According to the Centers for Disease Control, pit is estimated that 10% to 20% of people report having a sore throat at least once a year. A sore throat can be caused by either viruses or bacteria.

Viruses are spread through saliva, which can be transmitted through kissing or coughing. Bacteria can also get into the throat when you swallow something that’s been contaminated by saliva.

The average sore throat lasts between 3 and 7 days, but it can last longer if you have an underlying condition like a cold or flu that makes your immune system weak.

Most people will experience sore throats at least once in their lives, and some people get sore throats more often than others. But it’s important to remember that not everyone who gets a sore throat actually has an infection. Sometimes a sore throat is just caused by something else, like allergies or asthma.

Sore throats are very common. This article will explore some new medicines to treat your sore throat.

Sore Throat Basics

A sore throat is a condition that affects the throat and tonsils. It can be caused by infection or inflammation of the tissues in the throat, as well as by other diseases.

It is a common condition in which the throat feels irritated. Irritation can be caused by a virus, bacteria, or other infection.

Sore throats are typically caused by a virus and go away on their own after a few days.

It’s not uncommon to have a sore throat at least once in your life. However, if you notice that your throat hurts every day and you have no other symptoms, then it could be a sign of something more serious.

A sore throat can be caused by allergies, exposure to irritants or hot spices as well as because of throat cancers or other types of cancers too.

If there is a long-term sore throat, there are advanced cameras that can reach the throat and detect the pathology well.

Sore Throat Symptoms

  • Swollen glands
  • Sand-like irritation on the palate
  • Hoarseness of voice
  • High Fever and chills and rigors
  • Pain in swallowing and eating
  • Nasal symptoms like runny nose or congestion
  • Swollen tonsils or the presence of white spots on the tonsils
  • Loss of appetite
  • Dry cough and frequent throat clearing
  • Severe headache
  • A feeling of a lump in the throat
  • Pain or pressure around the windpipe (trachea)
  • A cough that produces thick mucus

What Causes a Sore Throat?

There is a list of causes that can cause a sore throat.

Infectious causes of sore throat Non-infectious causes of sore throat

  • bacterial

Throat infection

  • Sinusitis
  • Pertussis
  • Croup
  • Tonsillitis
  • viral

The common cold

  • Bronchitis

The Influenza Virus

  • Tonsillitis

Mononucleosis Infectious (IMN)

  • Fungal
  • Candidiasis
  • Foreign body aspiration
  • Allergies
  • Dry mouth
  • Airway irritants (dry air, smoking, car smoke, or air pollution)
  • Very spicy foods
  • Alcohol
  • Acid reflux or gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Allergens (pollen, animal dander, or household dust)
  • Shouting ( vocal strain)
  • Cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke
  • Prolonged mouth breathing
  • Air flight (prolonged)

Treating Sore Throat

Take an over-the-counter medicine.

Taking an over-the-counter medicine for your sore throat will help to get rid of the infection faster and reduce swelling in your tonsils and throat (which makes them easier to swallow).

There are several over-the-counter medications for sore throats, including

  • Pain killers: Acetaminophen (Tylenol), Naproxen (Aleve), Ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin), and Diclofenac.
  • Anasthetic sprays: Chloraseptic, Vicks VapoCOOL
  • Lozenges: Halls or Cepaco
  • Decongestants: pseudoephedrine (Sudafed), phenylephrine
  • Antihistamines : Loratidine, Cetrizine, Fexofenadine
  • Vitamin C and Zinc

Herb Echinacea

These medications are especially important in reliving the pain of a sore throat. Although the viral illness is the most common cause of sore throats, allergies too can cause an unpleasant sore throat.

For these allergy-induced sore throats, decongestants, antihistamines, and NSAIDs (Ibuprofen, naproxen) will be helpful.

Sore Throat Home Remedies to Relieve Sores

Gargle with Salt Water

Gargling with warm salt water can help with the pain and swelling associated with a sore throat. To make a saltwater gargle, mix 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 8 ounces of warm water and gargle for 30 seconds.

Spit the salt water out after gargling. It is advised to repeat this process daily until pain subsided.

Drink Tea

Warm tea with honey and lemon can also help soothe a sore throat. The honey can help coat the throat, while the lemon can help with the acidic feeling that can come with a sore throat.

To make this tea, add honey and lemon to hot water and stir.

Warm liquids can help soothe a sore throat and keep your throat hydrated. Drinking warm tea with honey is a popular home remedy for sore

Honey has antibacterial properties and can help reduce inflammation. Chamomile tea, ginger tea, or green tea are also good options.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is a great way to soothe your throat. When you have a sore throat, adding coconut oil to your diet can help improve symptoms. Coconut oil can also ease pain and swelling.

Coconut oil is another natural remedy that many people use to treat a sore throat. Coconut oil has been shown to be a helpful treatment for a number of other issues as well, so it is worth trying if you are not satisfied with over-the-counter medications or antibiotics.

Add a spoonful of coconut oil to warm water and gargle for 30 seconds several times a day.

Chicken Broth

For centuries, chicken soup has been a home remedy for sore throats. While the jury is still out on whether chicken soup actually helps with a sore throat, it is a low-risk remedy with few side effects.

The warm liquid can help soothe a sore throat, and the broth provides nutrients and hydration. Make sure to drink plenty of fluids when you have a sore throat, as dehydration can make symptoms worse.

Hot Sauce

While hot sauce is not typically prescribed for sore throats, there are a few select cases where it can be helpful. For example, hot sauce can help reduce the swelling and pain that is often associated with a sore throat.

To make a hot sauce gargle, mix one part hot sauce with two parts water and gargle for 30 seconds. Spit the hot sauce out after gargling.


While there are many herbal solutions for sore throats, most people should avoid over-the-counter remedies like echinacea, goldenseal, and goldenseal tea.

There are various herbal solutions that can be used to treat a sore throat. Some herbs are specifically for sore throats, while others can be used for a variety of other conditions.

Some of the most common herbal remedies for sore throats include licorice, ginger, and elderberry.

It is important to speak with a healthcare professional before using any herbal remedy for a sore throat, as some can have side effects.


If you have a sore throat, you may want to consider using a humidifier. A humidifier helps to increase moisture levels in the air and can help relieve pain and swelling.

You can buy a humidifier at a pharmacy, grocery store, or online. Make sure to read the instructions and instructions before using the humidifier.

Cold Water

Cold water can help soothe a sore throat. It can also help reduce swelling. Drink cold water often throughout the day. Ice chips and popsicles can soothe your sore throat unless you have runny nose.

Some people find that cold water helps to soothe a sore throat. Gargling with cold water can help to numb the pain and reduce swelling.

It is important to drink plenty of fluids, especially cold ones, to help keep your throat moist and prevent dehydration.

Rest Your Voice.

Resting your voice as much as possible will give your throat a chance to heal. Avoiding talking, whispering, or clearing your throat will help prevent further irritation.

Taking a vocal break by reading quietly or spending time on quiet activities such as puzzles can also help. If you must talk, try to speak softly and take frequent breaks.

Rest is important when you have a sore throat. Resting will boost your immune functions. Avoid prolonged talking or shouting. If you must talk or sing, take breaks often.

Spicy Food

Acidic foods can irritate a sore throat. Avoid citrus fruits, tomatoes, and tomato products. Spicy foods can also aggravate a sore throat.

If you have a sore throat, it is best to stick to bland, soft foods like soup, oatmeal, and applesauce.

Head End Elevation

Elevating your head when you sleep can help increase the flow of saliva and relieve the pain and swelling of a sore throat.

When you Submit sore throat, make sure you elevate your head and rest your voice as much as possible. Drinking plenty of fluids, especially warm ones, will help keep your throat moist and prevent dehydration.

Complications of a Sore Throat

Some get frequent sore throats more than four times per year. This might be due to hypersensitivity of the throat area to foreign particles. If the sore throat is troublesome, the doctor might advise a tonsillectomy.

Strep throat is a well-known bacterial infection of the throat that requires urgent antibiotics, either penicillin or cefixime. If untreated, strep throat can cause brain, heart, or kidney infections.

If you have strep throat, for example, you’ll usually experience

  • A high fever (over 100 degrees)
  • Palpable painful lymph nodes
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Loss of appetite

If you have a sore throat that lasts more than 2 weeks or if your symptoms get worse over time, then you should see someone who can help diagnose and treat the cause of your symptoms.

The doctor will perform a strep throat test ( a swab from the throat) that might give a result within one day.

When to See the Doctor

If you have a sore throat, it’s important to know when you should see the doctor. Here are some signs:

  • You have a fever or chills
  • You have trouble swallowing or breathing
  • You develop other symptoms like weakness, pain, or swelling in your neck and jaw area
  • Tenderness or irritation of your throat
  • Redness and soreness around your tonsils or throat
  • Swollen Lymph node

If you have any of these symptoms, attend your doctor for further investigations.


TeleHealthDoc articles are all written and reviewed by MDs, PhDs, NPs, or PharmDs and are for informational purposes only. This information does not constitute and should not be relied on for professional medical advice. Always talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of any treatment.

Dr. Pallavi Sharma

Dr. Pallavi Sharma is one of Melbourne’s best, well respected cosmetic doctors and aims to provide longstanding anti-aging benefits for her clients. With over 11 years experience in Performing cosmetic procedures, Dr. Sharma has lectured medical professionals regarding cosmetic treatments and is heavily involved in providing up to date cosmetic treatments to her clients and friends.
Related articles